The Indelible Impact of Thyagaraja on Carnatic Music

By A. Madhav

Thyagaraja being the most notable musician and composer in Carnatic music, has left behind a big retinue of admirers and disciples, who were influenced by his music.

Many of Thyagaraja's disciples and their disciples have eulogized his creative musical genius. He has been hailed as a pioneer and a model composer for others to follow. The article is not exhaustive and gives examples from available sources.

Walajapet Venkataramana Bhagavar, one of the prominent disciples of Thyagaraja  has composed the following shlokams and compositions praising his guru.

Manambu chavadi Venkatasubbayya, a disciple and cousin of Thyagaraja  wrote this kriti-Swamiki sariyerana vacchu in Devagandhari

Tummu Narasimha Dasa, a contemporary of Thyagaraja  from Bhadrachalam was captivated by Thyagaraja 's bhakti oriented music. He came all the way to meet Thyagaraja  in Tiruvaiyaru. He composed sisa padyams and a few keerthanas. Two of his keerthanas, Bhajana chese vidamu -in Sourashtra ragam and Rama namamrutame neeku in Madhyamavati can be mentioned.

When Thyagaraja  visited Walajapet to meet his disciple, Venkataramana Bhagavatar, Mysore Sadashiva Rao, who happened to be there composed a kriti in Todi-Thyagaraja  Swamy vedalina, extempore to commemorate Thyagaraja's visit.

Veena Kuppaiyer, already an established vidwan came to Thyagaraja  to learn some kritis and later composed a kriti- Thyagaraja  guru in Kharaharapriya. His son, Tiruvottiyur Tyagayya was also responsible for another Kharaharapriya kriti -Thyagaraja swami guruniki, in praise of the great composer.

Many other composers have been enamoured of Thyagaraja 's greatness and made kritis . A few of them have been listed below.

Satguru Swamiki -Ritigoula by Ramnad (Poochi) Srinivasa Iyengar

Ini namakkoru-Bilahari -Koteeswara Iyer

Sri Thyagaraja  Ashtottara Shata namavali -Bangalore Nagarathnamma

Srimadadi Thyagaraja  guruvaram-in Kalyani- Mysore Vasudevachar and his ragamalika

Thyagaraja  guruvani- Hindolam-Muthiah Bhagavatar

Ehi Sarguro-Khamas by Mayuram Vishwanatha Sastri

Nadabrahmam- in raga Nadabrahma & Sri sachidananda kandam-Vachaspathi by Meechu Krishna Iyer

Sri Thyagaraja  Swami mahimanu -Vachaspati (Manipravala kriti in Telugu and Tamil) by P.Sambhamurthy. Another composition by P.Sambhamurthy is

Ramachandra nannu in Haridasapriya.

Thyagaraja m gurum-Kedaram-M.D. Ramanathan

Papanasam Sivan's kriti in Begada is in praise of Thyagaraja  and his kriti in Kedaragaoula covers important aspects of the Sangeetha Trimurthis

Maanavalkula bhushana-Hindola by G.N.Balasubramanian

Anandam tandaan-Madhyamavathi-V.V.Sadagopan

Thyagaraja  gurum-Arabhi by Mulugu Sivananda Sastri

Thyagaraja  gurunatha-Purvikalyani-N.S.Ramachandran

Bhajeham Sri Thyagaraja m - Purvikalyani by Nagpur Subba Rao

Sri Rama chaitanname-Saveri-Shuddananda Bharathi

Balamuralikrishna's kriti Thyagaraja  gurum in Thodi

D.Pattammal has composed - a Navaraga malika with the beginning words-Tyagabrahmam Kathamrutam

Thyagaraja  guruvai-Bhushavali and Nadagana Thyagaraja m-Athana -two kritis by Padmavathi Ammal

Thyagaraja m bharaje chitta-Karpurabharani-PK.Rajagopala Iyer

Ambujam Krishna- Satguru Neeve in Amrutavarshini

K.M.Soundaryavalli has composed close to 30 kritis on Thyagaraja -all in Telugu

Two examples of her kritis are mentioned. Ganasudha rasa panamu-Bhairavi and Dinakara kulambudhi- Hamsadhvani

Thyagaraja  satguru-Bilahari-Andavan Picchu

Ramane ninaivai-Keeravani- Ananda dasa

Varaguna Sangita-Ragamalika- and Navaratna stotram (Sri Rama nama japa) by Tiruvalangadu Mahalinga Sastri

S.Mukund's two kritis are-Thyagaraja  nadabrahma-Nama Narayani and

Nadabrahma swarupaya-Bhupali

Two kritis by the author of this article -Thyagaraja  swaminam -Raghupriya and

Sangeeta guruniki mrokkeda- Bilahari are cited.


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